Image 01 Image 02

Hochschwab GLORIA (Extensive)

Operator: Österr. Akademie der Wissenschaften/Institut für Interdisziplinäre Gebirgsforschung &
BOKU/Zentrum für Globalen Wandel und Nachhaltigkeit
DEIMS Database: Hochschwab GLORIA
Contact: Harald Pauli

Site description

The methods employed by GLORIA in its “Multi-Summit Approach” (PAULI et al. 2004; www.gloria.ac.at/?a=20), have received their first thorough test on the Hochschwab massif (2,277 m, Styria, Austria). In this sense, Hochschwab is a core site of the International GLORIA network, which as of 2014 has grown to include more than 120 sites around the globe. The monitoring settings on Hochschwab, established in 2001, include 64 1x1m permanent plots, 16 soil temperature loggers measuring at hourly intervals and 32 larger summit area sections, mainly placed in alpine grassland, screes and snowbeds, installed on four summits; these were arranged from the Krummholz belt up to the highest peaks, between 1900 and 2255m. The first resurvey in 2008, as a parallel measure at 17 GLORIA sites in Europe, brought signals of climate warming-related changes in plant species composition and structure (Gottfried et al. 2012; Pauli et al. 2012). Diversity of soil nematodes were studied at the GLORIA summit areas (Hoschitz & Kaufmann 2004) and the region was part of an assessment of useful plants of the alpine life zone (Lamprecht 2012).

Publications


  • Dullinger S., I. Kleinbauer, H. Pauli, M. Gottfried, R. Brooker, L. Nagy, J.­P. Theurillat, J. I. Holten, O. Abdaladze, J.­L. Benito, J.­L. Borel, G. Coldea, D. Ghosn, R. Kanka, A. Merzouki, C. Klettner, P. Moiseev, U. Molau, K. Reiter, G. Rossi, A. Stanisci, M. Tomaselli, P. Unterlugauer, P. Vittoz, G. Grabherr (2007): Weak and variable relationships between environmental severity and small-scale co-occurrence in alpine plant communities. Journal of Ecology 2007 95, 1284-1295. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2007.01288.x

  • Gottfried M., Pauli H., Futschik A., Akhalkatsi M., Barancok P., Benito Alonso J. L., Coldea G., Dick J., Erschbamer B., Fernández Calzado M. R., Kazakis G., Krajci J., Larsson P., Mallaun M., Michelsen O., Moiseev D., Moiseev P., Molau U., Merzouki A., Nagy L., Nakhutsrishvili G., Pedersen B., Pelino G., Puscas M., Rossi G., Stanisci A., Theurillat J.-P., Thomaselli M., Villar L., Vittoz P., Vogiatzakis I., Grabherr G. (2012): Continent-wide response of mountain vegetation to climate change. Nature Climate Change, Vol.2, pp. 111-115.

  • Hoschitz M. & Kaufmann R. (2004): Soil nematode communities of Alpine summits-site differentiation and microclimatic influences. Pedobiologia, 48, 313-320.

  • Lamprecht A. (2012): Ethnobotanische Aspekte der Hochgebirgsflora der Ostalpen: Dokumentation der für Menschen nutzbaren Gefäßpflanzen in den GLORIA-Untersuchungsgebieten Hochschwab, Schrankogel und Latemar. Diplomarbeit, Univ. Wien.

  • Pauli H., Gottfried M., Dullinger S., Abdaladze O., Akhalkatsi M., Alonso J. L. B., Coldea G., Dick J., Erschbamer B., Fernandez Calzado R., Goshn D., Holten J. I., Kanka R., Kazakis G., Kollár J., Larsson P., Moiseev P., Moiseev D., Molau U., Molero Mesa J., Nagy L., Pelino G., Puscas M., Rossi G., Stanisci A., Syverhuset A. O., Theurillat J.-P., Thomaselli M., Unterluggauer P., Villar L., Vittoz P., Grabherr G. (2012): Recent Plant Diversity Changes on Europe’s Mountain Summits. Science, Vol.336, pp. 353-355.