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LTSER Platform Eisenwurzen (Regular)

Operator: Environment Agency Austria (Umweltbundesamt GmbH)
Funding body: Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW)
DEIMS Database: Eisenwurzen
Contact: Andrea Stocker-Kiss and Michael Mirtl

Site description

The LTSER platform Eisenwurzen represents both a natural space and a historically developed social and economic area. It does not correspond exactly to federal county borders but extends over 100 municipalities and a total area of 5,776 km2 in the counties of Upper Austria, Lower Austria and Styria. 80 % of the LTSER platform are part of the Northern Alps, 11 % of the area belong to the Northern Alpine Foothills and 9 % belong to the Central Alps. Altitudes range from 210 to 2,496 m a.s.l. The climate type is Continental. Depending on local conditions, annual precipitation values between 950 mm and 1,570 mm are measured. The annual mean temperatures range from 7.6 °C to 8.8 °C.


A network of already existing institutions (national parks, research centers in the region, etc.) and high-quality documentation (data material) provide the prerequisites for the first Austrian LTSER platform. The LTSER platform Eisenwurzen includes eleven LTER sites – Feldbach-WegenerNet, HBLFA Raumberg-Gumpenstein, Hochschwab GLORIA, Johnsbach Valley, Gesäuse National Park, Kalkalpen National Park, Pürgschachen Moor, Rottenhaus/Grabenegg, WasserCluster Lunz, Wildnisgebiet Dürrenstein and Zöbelboden – covering a variety of habitat types (grasslands, woodlands, fresh water habitats, …).

Research institutions and regional institutions, decision-making bodies and regional management all participate actively in the research platform. On one hand, scientists work on sociological and natural science themes in cross-disciplinary teams and in close cooperation with regional populations and their representatives. On the other hand, regional research questions are formulated and results in the form of sustainable management of people in situ are implemented. The research projects are located in the following areas:

  • Basic ecosystem research: e.g. at the site Zöbelboden, where long-term monitoring has been carried out into the forest ecosystem on calcareous bedrock;
  • Applied biodiversity and conservation research: e.g. investigation into the impacts of increased forestation upon biodiversity brought about by the retreat of human activity;
  • Socio-ecological research: e.g. the Reichraming project, in which a participatively-developed integrated model shows what impacts both internal and external factors have upon material flows, community structure and agriculture;

The Eisenwurzen LTSER platform is part of the European long-term research network LTER-Europe. In the framework of LTER-Europe, a network is being established of 40 LTSER platforms carrying out exemplary research into the natural and inhabited areas (socio-ecological regions) of Europe.

Publications


  • Dearing J. A., Graumlich L.J., Grove R., Grübler A., Haberl H., Hole F., Pfister C., van der Leeuw S.E. (2007): Integrating socio­environment interactions over centennial timescales: needs and issues. In: Costanza, R., Graumlich, L.J., Steffen, W. (eds.) Sustainability or Collapse? An Integrated History and Future of People on Earth. The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, London, UK, 243­274.

  • Dirnböck T., Bezák P., Dullinger S., Haberl H., Lotze­Campen H., Mirtl M., Peterseil J., Redpath S., J. Singh S. J, Travis J., Wijde­ven S. (2008): Scaling issues in long­term socio­ecological biodiversity research: A review of European cases. Social Ecology Working Paper 100. IFF Social Ecology, Vienna"

  • Dirnböck T., Bezák P., Dullinger S., Haberl H., Lotze-Campen H., Mirtl M., Peterseil J., Redpath S., Singh S.J., Travis J., Wijdeven M.J. (2013): Critical Scales for Long-Term Socio-ecological Biodiversity Research. In: S.J. Singh et al. (eds.), Long Term Socio-Ecological Research, Human-Environment Interactions 2, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-1177-8_6, Springer, Dordrecht 2013.

  • Erb K.­H., Gingrich S., Krausmann F., Haberl H. (2008): Industrialization, Fossil Fuels and the Transformation of Land Use: An Integrated Analysis of Carbon Flows in Austria 1830­2000 Journal of Industrial Ecology 12(5­6), 686­703. (doi: 10.1111/j.1530­9290.2008.00076.x)

  • Erb K.­H., Haberl H., Krausmann F. (2007): The fossil fuel­powered carbon sink. Carbon flows and Austria's energetic metabolism in a long­term perspective. In: Fischer­Kowalski, M., Haberl, H. (eds.) Socioecological transitions and global change. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 60­82.

  • Erb K.­H., Haberl H., Krausmann F. (guest eds.) (2009): Analyzing the global human appropriation of net primary production ­ processes, trajectories, implications. Special section of 'Ecological Economics' 69(2), 250­334. (doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.07.001)

  • Erb K.­H., Krausmann F., Gaube V., Gingrich S., Bondeau A., Fischer­Kowalski M., Haberl H. (2009): Analyzing the global human appropriation of net primary production – processes, trajectories, implications. An introduction Ecological Economics 69(2), 250­259. (doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.07.001)

  • Fischer­Kowalski M., Haberl H.(2007): Conceptualizing, observing and comparing socioecological transitions. In: Fischer­Kowalski, M., Haberl, H. (eds.) Socioecological transitions and global change. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 1­30.

  • Fischer­Kowalski M., Haberl H., Krausmann F. (2007): Conclusions: Likely and unlikely pasts, possible and impossible futures. In: Fischer­Kowalski, M., Haberl, H.  (eds.) Socioecological transitions and global change. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 223­255.

  • Fischer­Kowalski M., Haberl H. (eds.)(2007): Socioecological Transitions and Global Change. Trajectories of Social Metabolism and Land Use. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, USA.

  • Gaube V., Haberl H. (2013): Using Integrated Models to Analyse Socio-ecological System Dynamics in Long-Term Socio-Ecological Research - Austrian Experiences. In: S.J. Singh et al. (eds.), Long Term Socio-Ecological Research, Human-Environment Interactions 2, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-1177-8_3, Springer, Dordrecht 2013.

  • Gaube V., Kaiser C., Wildenberg M., Adensam H., Fleissner P., Kobler J., Lutz J., Schaumberger A., Schaumberger J., Smetschka B., Wolf A., Richter A., Haberl H. (2009): Combining agent­based and stock­flow modelling approaches in a participative analysis of the integrated land system in Reichraming, Austria. Landscape Ecology, 24, 1149­1165. (doi: 10.1007/s10980­009­9356­6)

  • Gingrich S., Erb K.­H., Krausmann F., Gaube V., Haberl H. (2007): Long­term dynamics of terrestrial carbon stocks in Austria. A compre­hensive assessment of the time period from 1830 to 2000. Regional Environmental Change 7(1), 37­47. (doi:10.1007/s10113­007­0024­6)

  • Gingrich S., Schmid M., Gradwohl M., Krausmann F. (2013): How Material and Energy Flows Change Socio-natural Arrangements: The Transformation of Agriculture in the Eisenwurzen Region, 1860-2000. In: S.J. Singh et al. (eds.), Long Term Socio-Ecological Research, Human-Environment Interactions 2, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-1177-8_13, Springer, Dordrecht 2013.

  • Haberl H., Erb K.-H., Gaube V., Gingrich S., Singh S.J. (2013): Socioeconomic Metabolism and the Human Appropriation of Net Primary Production: What Promise Do They Hold for LTSER? In: S.J. Singh et al. (eds.), Long Term Socio-Ecological Research, Human-Environment Interactions 2, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-1177-8_2, Springer, Dordrecht 2013.

  • Haberl H., Fischer­Kowalski M., Krausmann F., Martinez­Alier J., Winiwarter V. (2010): A sociometabolic transition towards sustainability? Challenges for another Great Transformation.  Sustainable Development (online first: doi: 10.1002/sd.410)

  • Haberl H., Gaube V., Díaz­Delgado R., Krauze K., Neuner A., Peterseil J., Plutzar C., Singh S.J., Vadineanu, A. (2009): Towards an integrated model of socioeconomic biodiversity drivers, pressures and impacts. A feasibility study based on three European long­term socio­ecolo­gical research platforms. Ecological Economics 68(6), 1797­1812. (doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.11.013)

  • Haberl H., Krausmann F. (2007): The local base of the historical agrarian­industrial transition, and the interaction between scales. In: Fi­scher­Kowalski, M., Haberl, H. (eds.) Socioecological transitions and global change. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 116­138.

  • Krausmann F., Gingrich S., Eisenmenger N., Erb K.­H., Haberl H., Fischer­Kowalski M. (2009): Growth in global materials use, GDP and population during the 20th century.  Ecological Economics 68(10), 2696­2705. (doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.05.007)

  • Krausmann F., Haberl H. (2007): Land­use change and socioeconomic metabolism: a macro view of Austria 1830­2000. In: Fischer­Ko­walski, M., Haberl, H. (eds.) Socioecological transitions and global change. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 31­59.

  • Mirtl M., Orenstein D.E., Wildenberg M., Peterseil J., Frenzel M. (2013): Development of LTSER Platforms in LTER-Europe: Challenges and Experiences in Implementing Place-Based Long-Term Socio-ecological Research in Selected Regions. In: S.J. Singh et al. (eds.), Long Term Socio-Ecological Research, Human-Environment Interactions 2, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-1177-8_17, Springer, Dordrecht 2013.

  • Newig J., Gaube V., Berkhoff K., Kaldrack K., Kastens B., Lutz J., Schlußmeier B.K., Adensam H., Haberl H. (2008): The role of formalisation, participation and context in the success of public involvement mechanisms in resource management. Systemic Practice and Action Research 21(6), 423­441.( doi: 10.1007/s11213­008­9113­9)

  • Newig J., Haberl H., Pahl­Wostl C., Rothman D. (2008): Formalised and Non­Formalised Methods in Resource Management, Knowledge and Learning in Participatory Processes.  Systemic Practice and Action Research 21(6), 381­387. (doi: 10.1007/s11213­008­9112­x)

  • Peterseil J., Neuner A., Stocker-Kiss A., Gaube V., Mirtl M. (2013): The Eisenwurzen LTSER Platform (Austria) - Implementation and Services. In: S.J. Singh et al. (eds.), Long Term Socio-Ecological Research, Human-Environment Interactions 2, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-1177-8_19, Springer, Dordrecht 2013.

  • Singh S. J., Haberl H., Gaube V., Grünbühel C.M., Lisievici P., Lutz J., Matthews R., Mirtl M., Vadineanu A., Wildenberg M. (2010): Conceptualising Long­Term Socio­ecological Research (LTSER): Integrating the Social Dimension. In: Felix Müller, Cornelia Baessler, Hendrik Schubert, Stefan Klotz (Eds.). Long­Term Ecological Research, Between Theory and Application. Springer, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York, 377­398.