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Mondsee (Regular)

Operator: (1) Research Institut for Limnology, University of Innsbruck, (2) Interfaculty Department of Geoinformatics, Paris Lodron University of Salzburg
DEIMS-SDR Database:
Mondsee Limnological Institute (1)
Mondsee Catchment (2)
Landscape Lab in the Mondsee Catchment (2)
Contact: (1) Thomas Weisse, Rainer Kurmayer, (2) Hermann Klug

Site description

Since the mid-1980s, the Research Institute for Limnology (formerly Austrian Academy of Sciences, since September 2012 affiliated to the University of Innsbruck) has collected physicochemical and biological data on Lake Mondsee. These data were gathered in the course of numerous national research projects (FWF, National Bank, Federal County of Upper Austria) and international networks (EU, ESF, IPGL – International Post-Graduate Training Programme in Limnology). The current research of the Institute focuses on understanding the evolutionary adaptations of aquatic organisms under the influence of climate change and increasing anthropogenic use. This theme is the logical progression of the previous research focus of the Institute, “Dimensions, creation and ecological significance of the intraspecific diversity of aquatic micro- and macroorganisms”. The role of the Institute is to deepen knowledge of the ecology and protection of inland waters and to communicate this knowledge through publication (in international peer-reviewed journals) and teaching activities. The Institute aims to link the thematic areas of limnology and theoretical evolutionary ecology by measuring the microevolution of individual abundant organism groups, e.g. (cyano)bacteria, protists (planktonic algae, ciliates) and coregonid fishes in Mondsee and various (sub)alpine bodies of water. The most up-to-date methods of molecular biology such as high throughput sequencing methods are used to analyze genetic modifications at the level of individuals, populations and ecosystems. Genetic differentiations observed are tested experimentally in the laboratory and in the field.

Mondsee Catchment


The 248 km2 Mondsee catchment, close to the Austrian city Salzburg, is located at the border between the European Alps and the hilly alpine foreland with a dozen of mid-sized lakes. The grassland and forest dominated catchment of approximate 246 km2 is characterised by a very dense river system (490 km rivers and ditches), embedded in steep slopes and heavy soils causing fast surface runoff, especially during extreme weather events (thunderstorms, snow melting in combination with heavy rain). Due to the fast response time, villages along the Fuschler Ache such as Thalgau, or St. Lorenz close to Lake Mondsee are at risk of being flooded. During extreme events wide floodplains trigger increased nutrient runoff, causing a water quality challenge for Lake Mondsee. The current trophic status of Lake Mondsee is oligo-mesotrophic, but it failed occasionally in recent years to reach the 'good ecological status' requested by the European Water Framework Directive.


Since 2004, the Interfaculty Department of Geoinformatics - Z_GIS at the Paris Lodron University of Salzburg (PLUS) focuses on the terrestrial part of the Mondsee catchment. Discovering, analysing, understanding and evaluating landscape structures, processes and functions require a MacroScope vision while providing the evidence base with in situ measurements. The mission of the Landscape Lab is to comprehend the present status of the environment and its changes in space and time at the interface of climatology, meteorology, hydrology, and pedology. Z_GIS places a transdisciplinary, integrated, and holistic view when analysing, modelling, and understanding landscapes and their developments. This incorporates social, cultural, economic and political reflections on landscapes to be discussed with stakeholder groups coming e.g. from farming, tourism, and hydrology. Being part of the Geographic Information Science (GI Science) community, Z_GIS employs Geoinformatics methods and technologies with Geographical Information Systems (GIS). Besides in situ measurements, this includes satellite and airborne driven investigations using remote sensing tools and techniques. Both, a real-time in situ monitoring system and ex situ components with satellite imageries, form a small Copernicus testbed in the Mondsee catchment, where research is primarily focussing on hydro-pedo-meteorological observations. Research is strongly intertwined with education in the Master Programme in Applied Geoinformatics, the new Copernicus Master Programme in Digital Earth starting in 2019 and the UNIGIS Distance Learning MSc GIS. Thus, the LTER site Mondsee is a multidimensional hub for research, education and business developments, where technology transfers are ensured through the company Spatial Services GmbH.

Additional Information

Publications


  • Dokulil, M.T. (2019): Gross and Net Production in Different Environments. In: Fath, B.D. (editor in chief) Encyclopedia of Ecology, 2nd edition, vol. 2, pp. 334–345. Oxford: Elsevier

  • Bergkemper V., Stadler P., Weisse T. (2018): Moderate weather extremes alter phytoplankton diversity - A microcosm study. Freshwater Biology 63(10):1211-1224

  • Esmaeilzadeh-Leithner S, Wanzenböck J. (2018): Suitability of two agglomerated commercial microdiets for rearing larvae of different strains of Coregonus lavaretus under cold-water conditions. Aquaculture Nutrition 24(1): 20-268

  • Matthews B., Best R.J., Feulner P.G.D, Narwani A., Limberger R. (2018): Evolution as an ecosystem process: insights from genomics. Genome 61(4): 298-309

  • Simek K., Grujcic V., Hahn M.W., Hornak K., Jezberova J., Kasalicky V., Nedoma J., Salcher M.M, Shabarova T. (2018): Bacterial prey food characteristics modulate community growth response of freshwater bacterivorous flagellates. Limnol. Oceanogr. 63:484–502

  • Weisse T., Bergkemper V. (2018): Rapid detection and quantification of the potentially toxic cyanobacterium Planktothrix rubescens by in-vitro fluorometry and flow cytometry. Water research, 138, 234-240

  • Woolway R. I., Carrea L., Merchant C. J., Dokulil M. T., de Eyto E., DeGasperi C. L., Korhonen J., Marszelewski W., May L., Paterson A. M., Rimmer A., Rusak J. A., Schladow S. G., Schmid M., Shimaraeva S. V., Silow E. A., Timofeyev M. A., Verburg P., Watanabe S., Weyhenmeyer G. A. (2018): Lake surface temperature [in “State of the Climate in 2017”]. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 99 (8), S150–S152

  • Bergkemper V., Weisse T. (2017): Phytoplankton response to the summer heat wave 2015 – a case study from prealpine Lake Mondsee, Austria. Inland Waters 7:88-99

  • Bergkemper V., Weisse, T. (2017): Do current European lake monitoring programmes reliably estimate phytoplankton community changes? Hydrobiologia

  • Cieplinski A., Weisse T. & Obertegger, U. (2017): High diversity in Keratella cochlearis (Rotifera, Monogononta) - morphological and genetic evidence. Hydrobiologia, 796:145-159

  • Entfellner E., Frei M., Christiansen G., Deng L., Blom J., Kurmayer R. (2017): Evolution of anabaenopeptin peptide structural variability in the cyanobacterium Planktothrix. Frontiers in Microbiology 8:219

  • Hahn M.W., Koll U., Karbon G., Schmidt J., Lang E. (2017): Polynucleobacter aenigmaticus sp. nov. isolated from the permanently anoxic monimolimnion of a meromictic lake in Austria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 67:4646–4654

  • Hoetzinger M., Hahn M. W. (2017): Genomic divergence and cohesion in a species of pelagic freshwater bacteria. BMC Genomics 18: 794

  • Meriluoto J., Blaha L. , Bojadzija G., Bormans M., Brient L., Codd G.A., Drobac D., Faassen E.J., Fastner J., Hiskia A., Ibelings B.W. , Kaloudis T., Kokocinski M., Kurmayer R., Pantelić D., Quesada A., Salmaso N., Tokodi N., Triantis T.M., Visser P.M.  Svirčev Z. (2017): Toxic cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins in European waters - recent progress achieved through the CYANOCOST Action and challenges for further research. Advances in Oceanography and Limnology 8(1)

  • Scheuerl T., Stelzer C.-P. (2017): Sex initiates adaptive evolution by recombination between beneficial loci. PLoS ONE 12(6): e0177895
    Woolway R.I., Carrea L., Merchant C.M., Dokulil M.T. et al. (2017). Lake surface temperature [in "State of the Climate in 2016"]. Bull.Amer.Meteor.Soc. 98(8):13-14

  • Dokulil, M.T. (2017): Biodiversity, Bioindicators and Biogeography of Freshwater Algae. In: Ansari, A.A.; Gill, S.S.; Khorshid, Z.; Naeem, M.: Plant Biodiversity. Monitoring, Assessment and Conservation. Wallingford [u.a.]: CAB International Publishing, ISBN 9781780646947, S. 295 - 308.

  • Kurmayer, R., A. Wilmotte, K. Sivonen, N. Salmaso (eds.) (2017): Molecular tools for the detection and quantification of toxigenic cyanobacteria, 276pp. Wiley & Sons Limited

  • Stelzer C.P. (2017): Life history variation in monogonont rotifers. In: Hagiwara A. & Yoshinaga T.: Rotifers: Aquaculture, Ecology, Gerontology, and Ecotoxicology. Springer

  • Thalinger B., Aufschnaiter U., Kirschner D., Moritz C., Sapelza A., Schwarzenberger R., Wanzenböck J., Traugott M. (2017): Molekulare Detektion aquatischer Organismen anhand von Wasserproben, Acta ZooBot Austria 154, S. 209 - 211

  • Kurmayer, R. (2016): Rolle von toxischen Peptiden für die Bildung von Algenblüten. Bioskop 1. Februar 2016.

  • Kurmayer R., Deng L., Entfellner E. (2016): Role of toxic and bioactive secondary metabolites in colonization and bloom formation by filamentous cyanobacteria Planktothrix. Harmful Algae 54:69-86. doi:10.1016/j.hal.2016.01.004.

  • Sonntag B. (2016). Unseen worlds: microscopic lake plankton fuel food chains and befriend algae. Scientia.

  • Thalinger B., Wallinger C., Wanzenböck J., Moritz C., Schwarzenberger R., Traugott M. (2016): Fischbestandserhebungen ohne Fischfang: Neue Wege bei der Erfassung von Fischbeständen mittels eDNA. Mitteilungen des Tiroler Fischereiverbandes 23/2:16 - 19.

  • Weisse T., Gröschl B., Bergkemper V. (2016): Phytoplankton response to short-term temperature and nutrient changes. Limnologica 59:78-89. doi:10.1016/j.limno.2016.05.002.

  • Woolway R.I, Cinque K., de Eyto E. , DeGasperi C.L., Dokulil M.T., Korhonen J., Maberly S.C., Marszelewski W., May L., Merchant C.J, Paterson A.M., Riffler M., Rimmer A., Rusak J.A., Schladow S.G., Schmid M., Teubner K., Verburg P., Vigneswaran B., Watanabe S., Weyhenmeyer G.A. (2016): Lake surface temperatures, in “State of the Climate in 2015”, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 97 (8):17–18.

  • Dokulil, M.T. (2015): Climate impacts on ecohydrological processes in aquatic systems. Ecohydrol. Hydrobiol.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecohyd.2015.08.001.

  • Kämpf L., Mueller P., Höllerer H., Plessen B., Naumann R., Thoss H., Güntner A., Merz B., Brauer A. (2015): Hydrological and sedimentological processes of flood layer formation in Lake Mondsee. The Depositional Record, 1-20. doi. 10.1002/dep2.2.

  • Klug H., Oanoa L. (2015): A Multi-purpose Weather Forecast Model for the
    Mondsee Catchment. GI_Forum ‒ Journal for Geographic Information Science, 1-2015: 600-609. doi:10.1553/giscience2015s600.

  • Leithner S., Wanzenböck J. (2015): Rearing larvae of different strains of Coregonus lavaretus under cold water conditions: comparison of a special cold-water line with a standard agglomerated microdiet. Journal of Agricultural Science 7(5):doi:10.5539/jas.v7n5p28.

  • O´Reilly, C. et al. (2015): Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 10,773–10,781, doi:10.1002/2015GL066235.

  • Sharma, S. et al. (2015): Long Term Ecological Research Network http://dx.doi.org/10.6073/pasta/379a6cebee50119df2575c469aba19c5.

  • Mirtl M., Bahn M., Battin T., Borsdorf A., Dirnböck T., Englisch M., Erschbamer B., Fuchsberger J., Gaube V., Grabherr G., Gratzer G., Haberl H., Klug H., Kreiner D., Mayer R., Peterseil J., Richter A., Schindler S., Stocker-Kiss A., Tappeiner U., Weisse T., Winiwarter V., Wohlfahrt G., Zink R. (2015): Forschung für die Zukunft-LTER-Austria White Paper 2015 zur Lage und Ausrichtung von prozessorientierter Ökosystemforschung, Biodiversitäts- und Naturschutzforschung sowie sozio-ökologischer Forschung in Österreich. LTER-Austria Schriftenreihe, Vol. 2, 74 pp. ISBN 978-3-9503986-0-1. http://www.lter-austria.at.

  • Dokulil, M.T. (2014): Predicting summer surface water temperatures for large Austrian lakes in 2050 under climate change scenarios. Hydrobiologia 731: 19-29, DOI 10.1007/s10750-013-1550-5.

  • Ficker H., Mazzucco R., Gassner H., Wanzenböck J., Dieckmann, U. (2014): Fish length exclusively determines sexual maturation in European white-fish Coregonus lavaretus (L.) species complex. Journal of Fish Biology 84: 1164-1170, doi:10.1111/jfb.12301

  • Klug, H., Juhasz, C., Kmoch, A. (2014): Ein drahtloses Sensornetzwerk für landschaftsbezogene Echtzeitanalysen und –vorhersagen mit verteilten Daten. In Angewandte Geoinformatik 2014, Beiträge zum 26. AGIT-Symposium in Salzburg (Strobl, J., Blaschke, T., Griesebner, G., Zagel, B., eds.), pp. xx-xx. Wiechmann, Salzburg.

  • Dokulil, M.T. & Teubner, K. (2012): Deep living Planktothrix rubescens modulated by environmental constraints and climate forcing, Hydrobiologia DOI: 10.1007/s10750-012-1020-5

  • Klug, H. (2012): An integrated holistic transdisciplinary landscape planning concept after the Leitbild approach. In: Journal Ecological Indicators 23, 616-626.

  • Schober, E. (2012): Diversity in abundance of toxic genotypes in natural populations of cyanobacteria (Planktothrix spp.), University of Vienna, 129 pp.

  • Wanzenböck, J., Pamminger-Lahnsteiner, B., Winkler, K., and Weiss, S. (2012): Experimental evaluation of the spawning periods in a native Alpine whitefish population versus an introduced population of whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus complex) in Mondsee, Austria. Fundamental and Applied Limnology, Advanc. Limnol. 63: 89-97

  • Hahn, M.W.; Kasalicky, V.; Jezbera, J.; Brandt, U.; Jezberova, J.; Simek, K. (2011): Limnohabitans curvus gen. nov., sp. nov., a planktonic bacterium isolated from a freshwater lake. IJSEM 60(6): 1358-1365. doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.013292-0

  • Kurmayer, R., Schober E., Tonk L., Visser P., and Christiansen G. (2011): Spatial divergence in the proportions of genes encoding toxic peptide synthesis among populations of the cyanobacterium Planktothrix in European lakes. FEMS Microbiol Letters 317:127-137.

  • Lauterbach, S. (2011): Lateglacial to Holocene climatic and environmental changes in Europe : multi-proxy studies on lake sediments along a transect from northern Italy to northeastern Poland. Dissertation.

  • Lauterbach S., Brauer A., Andersen N., Danielopol D.L., Dulski P., Hüls M., Milecka K., Namiotko T., Obremska M., von Grafenstein U. & DECLAKES participants (2011): Environmental responses to Lateglacial climatic fluctuations recorded in the sediments of pre-Alpine Lake Mondsee (northeastern Alps). Journal of Quaternary Science 26(3): 253-267.

  • Pamminger-Lahnsteiner, B. (2011): Conservation of natural biological resources in Austria: ecological-, morphological- and genetic analysis of European Whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L. complex). Paris Lodron University Salzburg, 155pp.

  • Pearson, E.J., Juggins, S., Talbot, H.M., Weckström, J., Rosén, P., Ryves, D.B., Roberts, S.J., Schmidt, R. (2011): A lacustrine GDGT-temperature calibration from the Scandinavian Arctic to Antarctic: renewed potential for the application of DGT-paleothermometry in lakes. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2011.07.042.

  • Savichtcheva, O., Debroas, D., Kurmayer, R., Villar, C., Jenny J.P., Fabien A., Perga M.E., Domaizon I. (2011): Quantitative PCR enumeration of total and toxic Planktothrix rubescens/agardhii and other cyanobacteria in preserved DNA isolated from lake sediments. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 77:8744-8753. doi: 10.1128/AEM.06106-11

  • Winkler, K., Pamminger-Lahnsteiner, B., Wanzenböck, J., Weiss, S. (2011): Hybridization and restricted gene flow between native and introduced stocks of Alpine whitefish (Coregonus sp.) across multiple environments. Molecular Ecology 20(3): 456-472. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04961.x

  • Findenig, B.M.; Chatzinotas, A.; Boenigk, J. (2010): Taxonomic and ecological characterization of Stomatocysts of Spumella-like Flagellates (Chrysophyceae) 1. Journal of Phycology 46(5): 868–881.

  • Klug, H. (2010): Application of a vision in the Lake District of Salzburg. In: Futures 42, 668-681.

  • Klug, H., Haslauer, E. (2010): Raum-zeitliche Abschätzung der Verdunstungskapazität von Landoberflächen. In Angewandte Geoinformatik 2010 (Strobl, J., Blaschke, T., Griesebner, G., eds.), pp. 641-650. Wichmann Verlag, Heidelberg.

  • Klug, H., Jenewein, P. (2010): Spatial modelling of agrarian subsidy payments as an input for evaluating changes of ecosystem services. In: Ecological Complexity 7, 368-377.

  • Klug, H., Wasner, Y., Schieder, G., Maislinger, G. (2010): Flächendifferenzierte Modellierung der Grundwasserneubildungsrate im Mondsee Einzugsgebiet. In Angewandte Geoinformatik 2010 (Strobl, J., Blaschke, T., Griesebner, G., eds.), pp. 300-309. Wichmann Verlag, Heidelberg.

  • Okello, W; Ostermaier, V; Portmann, C; Gademann, K, and Kurmayer, R. (2010): Spatial isolation favours the divergence in microcystin net production by Microcystis in Ugandan freshwater lakes. Water Research, (44: 2803­2814).

  • Potschin, M., Klug, H., Haines-Young, R. (2010): From vision to action: Framing the Leitbild concept in the context of landscape planning. In: Journal Futures 42, 656-667.

  • Weithoff, G., Moser, M., Kamjunke, N., Gaedke, U., and Weisse, T. (2010): Lake morphometry and wind exposure may shape the plankton community structure in acidic mining lakes. Limnologica. 40: 161­166.

  • Dokulil, M.T and Kaiblinger C. (2009): Phytoplankton Productivity. In: Gene E. Likens, (Editor) Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. Vol 1, pp. 210­218, Elsevier, Oxford

  • Dokulil, M.T. (2009): Comparative Primary Production. In: Gene E. Likens, (Editor) Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. Vol 1, pp. 130­137, Elsevier, Oxford

  • Kosol, S., Schmidt, J., and Kurmayer, R. (2009): Variation in peptide net production and growth among strains of the toxic cyanobacterium Planktothrix spp. Eur. J. Phycol. 44:49­62.

  • Moser, M., Callieri, C., and Weisse, T. (2009): Photosynthetic and growth response of freshwater picocyanobacteria are strain­specific and sensitive to photoacclimation. J. Plankton Res. 31: 349­357

  • Namiotko, T., Danielopol, D.L., Pichler, M. & Von Grafenstein, U., (2009): Occurrence of an Arctic ostracod species Fabaeformiscandona harmsworthi (Scott, 1899) (Ostracoda, Candonidae) in Late Glacial sediments of lake Mondsee (Austria). Crustaceana 82: 1209­1212

  • Ostermaier, V. and Kurmayer, R. (2009): Distribution and abundance of nontoxic mutants of cyanobacteria in lakes of the Alps. Microbial Ecology 58:323­333.

  • Schmidt, R. and Boenigk, J. (2009): Clim-Land. In: Köck, G., Lammerhuber, L. and Piller, W.E. (Hrsg.): Planet Austria, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften: 240-247

  • Schmidt, R., Matulla, C., Psenner, R. (2009): Klimawandel in Österreich. Die letzten 20.000 Jahre... und ein Blick voraus. alpine – man & environment vol. 6, pp. 183, Innsbruck university press.

  • Swierczynski, T., Lauterbach, S., Dulski, P., & Brauer, A. (2009): Die Sedimentablagerungen des Mondsees (Oberösterreich) als ein Archiv extremer Abflussereignisse der letzten 100 Jahre. Klimawandel in Österreich–Die letzten 20.000 Jahre… und ein Blick voraus, SchmidtR, MatullaC, PsennerR (eds). Innsbruck University Press: Innsbruck; 115, 126.

  • Anneville, O., Kaiblinger, C., Tadonléké, R.D., Druart, J.­C. & Dokulil, M.T. (2008): Contribution of long­term monitoring to the European Water Framework Directive Implementation. In: M. Sengupta & R. Dalwani (eds.), Proceedings of Taal 2007: The 12th Large Lake Confe­rence, 1122­1131, CD­ROM, Ministry of Environment & Forests, New Delhi

  • Klug, H., Zeil, P. (2008): Spatially Explicit Modelling of Phosphorus Emissions. In: Geoinformatics 8, 32-35.

  • Stracke, A., Danielopol, D. L., & Neubauer, W. (2008): Comparative study of Candona neglecta valves from the shallow and deep sites of Lake Mondsee. CONTRIBUTION TO GEOMETRIC MORPHOMETRICS, 83.

  • Stracke, A., Danielopol, D. L., & Picot, L. (2008): Comparison of Fabaeformiscandona caudata (Kaufmann) and Fabaeformiscandona lozeki (Absolon) from the sublittoral of Lake Mondsee. CONTRIBUTION TO GEOMETRIC MORPHOMETRICS, 75.

  • Kaiblinger, C., Greisberger, J., Teubner, K. & Dokulil, M.T. (2007): Photosynthetic efficiency as a function of thermal stratification and phy­toplankton size structure in an oligotrophic alpine lake. Hydrobiologia 578, 29­36

  • Klug, H., Lang, S., Pernkopf, M.L., Zeil, P. (2007): Vorstellung einer Methode zur Ermittlung der Nutzungsintensität auf Grünlandflächen unter Einbezug von Fernerkundungsdaten und objekt-basierter Klassifikation. In: Schriftenreihe BAW 26, 51-65.

  • Mayr, S. (2007): The pearlfish (Rutilus meidingeri (Heckel 1851))­ Its habitat use, food, growth and within population variation in morpho­logy in Lake Mondsee, Austria. Diplomarbeit, Paris Lodron Universität Salzburg.

  • Mayr, S., & Wanzenbock, J. (2007): Wachstum, Langen-Gewichts-Beziehung und Konditionsfaktor des Perlfisches (Rutilus meidingeri [Heckel, 1851]) im Mondsee. OSTERREICHS FISCHEREI, 60(10), 228.

  • Namiotko, T., PICHLER, M., DANIELOPOL, D., ROIDMAYR, G., & DECLAKES, T. (2007): An arctic ostracod species (Crustacea: Ostracoda) in Late Glacial and Early Holocene sediments of lake Mondsee (Austria). In Geophysical Research Abstracts (Vol. 9, p. 01372).