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Stubai (Master)

Operator: University of Innsbruck, Institute of Ecology
DEIMS Database: Stubaital
Contact: Ulrike Tappeiner, Georg Wohlfahrt, Michael Bahn

Site description

The LTER-grassland sites in the Stubai Valley are situated near the village of Neustift (47° 7’ N, 11° 18’ O). They include a valley bottom meadow at 970 m a.s.l., cut 3-4 times per year, as well as three grasslands differing in land use, which located on the mountain slope in the vicinity of the Kaserstattalm: a mountain meadow at 1820 m a.s.l. (one cut, lightly grazed in late summer), a pasture at 1850 m a.s.l. and a grassland at 1970 m a.s.l., which was abandoned 25 years ago. Documentation of management history and vegetation dynamics of the whole area date back to 1865, and detailed information on the current socio-economic situation and future land-use scenarios is available. At the LTER-grassland sites ecological effects of global change on mountain regions have been experimentally studied since 1993. A range of EU research projects (Integralp, Ecomont, Carbomont, Vital, Carbo-Extreme, GHG-Europe), five FWF-projects and numerous international and national projects have contributed studies on greenhouse gas fluxes (focus on CO2, but also methane, N2O and VOC), productivity, C sequestration, nitrogen cycling, water balance and potential risks such as erosion and snow gliding.

At all four sites micro-climate stations are continuously recording solar radiation, precipitation, air- and soil temperatures and moisture, as well as soil CO2 concentrations Since 2001 the net exchange of CO2 and water vapour between the valley bottom meadow and the atmosphere have been monitored at high time resolution, and contribute to the international Fluxnet database. Furthermore on all LTER-sites experiments have been and are being performed assessing the impact of global changes (climate, land use) on ecological processes in mountain grassland.

Publications


  • Steinwandter M., Schlick-Steiner B.C., Seeber G.U.H., Steiner F.M., Seeber J. (2017): Effects of land-use changes: Soil macrofauna community revisted. Ecology and Evolution.

  • Desai A. R., Wohlfahrt G., Zeeman M. J., Katata G., Eugster W., Montagnani L., Gianelle D., Mauder M., Schmid H. P. (2016) Montane ecosystem productivity responds more to global circulation patterns than climatic trends. Environmental Research Letters 11

  • M Estiarte, S Vicca, J Peñuelas, M Bahn, C Beier, BA Emmett, PA Fay, ...(2016): Few multi‐year precipitation‐reduction experiments find a shift in the productivity‐precipitation relationship. Global change biology

  • Fondevilla C, Àngels Colomer M, Fillat F, Tappeiner U (2016): Using a new PDP modelling approach for land-use and land-cover change predictions: A case study in the Stubai Valley (Central Alps). Ecological Modelling

  • L Hoertnagl, M Bahn, N Buchmann, E Dias-Pinez, W Eugster, R Kiese, ...(2016): The influence of management on GHG fluxes over Central European grasslands. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts 18, 13680

  • J Roy, C Picon-Cochard, A Augusti, ML Benot, L Thiery, O Darsonville, ...(2016): Elevated CO2 maintains grassland net carbon uptake under a future heat and drought extreme. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113 (22), 6224-6229

  • Berninger F., Susiluoto S., Gianelle D., Bahn M., Wohlfahrt G., Sutton M., J. G.-P., Gimeno C., Sanz M. J., Dore S., Rogiers N., Furger m., Eugster W., Balzarolo M., Sebastiá M. T., Tenhunen J., Staszewski T., Cernusca A. (2015) Management and site effects on carbon balances of European mountain meadows and rangelands. Boreal Environment Research 20, 748-760

  • D Frank, M Reichstein, M Bahn, K Thonicke, D Frank, MD Mahecha, ...(2015): Effects of climate extremes on the terrestrial carbon cycle: concepts, processes and potential future impacts. Global change biology 21 (8), 2861-2880

  • K Gavazov, M Bahn (2015): Winter climate extremes and their role for priming SOM decomposition under the snow. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts 17, 13010

  • Leitinger G, Ruggenthaler R, Hammerle A, Lavorel S, Schirpke U, Clement JC, Lamarque P, Obojes N, Tappeiner U (2015): Impact of droughts on water provision in managed alpine grasslands in two climatically different regions of the Alps. Ecohydrology DOI:10.1002/eco.1607 

  • M Bahn, M Reichstein, JS Dukes, MD Smith, NG McDowell (2014): Climate–biosphere interactions in a more extreme world. New Phytologist 202 (2), 356-359

  • M Reichstein, M Bahn, MD Mahecha, J Kattge, DD Baldocchi (2014): Linking plant and ecosystem functional biogeography. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (38), 13697-13702

  • Fuchslueger L., Kastl E.-M., Bauer F., Kienzl S., Hasibeder R., Ladreiter-Knauss T., Schmitt M., Bahn M., Schloter M., Richter A., Szukics U. (2014): Effects of drought on nitrogen turnover and abundances of ammonia-oxidizers in mountain grassland. Biogeosciences.

  • Vicca S., Bahn M., Estiarte M., van Loon E. E., Vargas R., Alberti G., Ambus P., Arain M. A., Beier C., Bentley L. P., Borken W., Buchmann N., Collins S. L., de Dato G., Dukes J.S., Escolar C., Fay P., Guidolotti G., Hanson P. J., Kahmen A., Kröel-Dulay G., Ladreiter-Knauss T., Larsen K., Lellei-Kovacs E., Lebrija-Trejos E., Maestre F. T., Marhan S., Marshall M., Meir P., Miao Y., Muhr . J., Niklaus P., Ogaya R., Peñuelas J., Poll C., Rustad L. E., Savage K., Schindlbacher A., Schmidt I. K., Smith A., Sotta E. D., Suseela V., Tietema A., van Gestel N., van Straaten O., Wan S., Weber U., Janssens I.A. (2014): Can current moisture responses predict soil respiration under altered precipitation regimes? A synthesis of manipulation experiments. Biogeosciences 11: 2991–3013.

  • Fuchslueger L., Bahn M., Fritz K., Hasibeder R., Richter, A. (2014): Experimental drought reduces the transfer of recently fixed plant carbon to soil microbes and alters the bacterial community composition in a mountain meadow. New Phytologist 201: 916–927.

  • Moles A.T., Perkins S.E., Laffan S.W., Flores-Moreno H., Awasthy M., Tindall M.L., Sack L., Pitman A., Kattge J., Aarssen L.W., Anand M., Bahn M., Blonder B., Cavender-Bares, Cornelissen J.H.C., Cornwell W.K., Dıaz S., Dickie J.B., Freschet G.T., Griffiths J.G., Gutierrez A.G., Hemmings F.A., Hickler T., Hitchcock T.D., Keighery M., Kleyer M., Kurokawa H., Leishman M.R., Liu ., Niinemets Ü., Onipchenko V., Onoda Y., Peñuelas J,. Pillar .D., Reich P.B., Shiodera S., Siefert A., Sosinski E.E.Jr,. Soudzilovskaia N.A., Swaine E.K., Swenson N.G., van Bodegom P.M., Warman L., Weiher E., Wright I.J., Zhang H., Zobel H., Bonser .P. (2014): Which is a better predictor of plant traits: temperature or precipitation? Journal of Vegetation Science, doi: 10.1111/jvs.12190.

  • Müller M., Graus M., Ruuskanen T.M., Schnitzhofer R., Bamberger I., Kaser L., Titzmann T., Hörtnagl L., Wohlfahrt G., Karl T., Hansel A. (2010): First eddy covariance measurements by PTR TOF. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 3, 387 395.

  • Obojes N., Bahn M., Tasser E., Walde J., Inauen N., Hiltbrunner E., Saccone P., Lochet J., Clément J.C., Lavorel S., Tappeiner U., Körner Ch. (2014): Vegetation effects on the water balance of mountain grasslands depend on climatic conditions. Ecohydrology, DOI: 10.1002/eco.1524.

  • Legay N., Baxendale C., Grigulis K., Szukics U., Kastl E.M., Schloter M., Bardgett R., Arnoldi C., Bahn M., Dumont M., Poly F., Pommier T., Clement JC, Lavorel S. (2014): Contribution of above- and below-ground plant traits to the structure and function of grassland soil microbial communities. Annals of Botany.

  • Wohlfahrt G., Cremonese E., Hammerle A., Hörtnagl L., Galvagno M., Gianelle D., Marcolla B., Morra di Cella U. (2013): Tradeoffs between global warming and day length on the start of the carbon uptake period in seasonally cold ecosystems. Geophysical Research Letters 40 (23), 6136-6142.

  • Peichl M., Sonnentag O., Wohlfahrt G., Flanagan L.B., Baldocchi D.D., Kiely G., Galvagno M., Gianelle D., Marcolla B., Pio C., Migliavacca M., Jones M.B., Saunders M. (2013): Convergence of potential net ecosystem production across contrasting C3 grasslands. Ecology Letters 16, 502-512.

  • Bahn M., Lattanzi F.A., Hasibeder R., Wild B., Koranda M., Danese V., Brüggemann N., Schmitt M., Siegwolf R., Richter A. (2013): Responses of belowground carbon allocation dynamics to extended shading in mountain grassland. New Phytologist 198: 116–126.

  • Grigulis K., Lavorel S., Krainer U., Legay N., Baxendale C., Dumont M, Kastl E., Arnoldi C., Bardgett R.D., Poly F., Pommier T., Schloter M., Tappeiner U., Bahn M., Clément J.C. (2013): Relative contributions of plant traits and soil microbial properties to mountain grassland ecosystem services. Journal of Ecology 101: 47–57.

  • Schirpke, Uta; Leitinger, Georg; Schermer, Markus; Tappeiner, Ulrike (2012): Wie reagieren Landwirte im Stubaital (Österreich) auf den globalen Wandel?

  • Steinbacher, M.; Schermer, M.; Tasser, E.; Tappeiner, U. (2012): Aus dem Blickwinkel von Bäuerinnen und Bauern.
    In: Tasser, Erich; Schermer, Markus; Siegl, Gerhard; Tappeiner, Ulrike: Wir LandschaftMacher. Vom Sein und Werden der Kulturlandschaft in Nord-, Ost- und Südtirol. Bozen / Innsbruck / Traunstein: Athesia Gruppe, ISBN 978-88-8266-906-5, S. 213 - 229.

  • Meyer S., Leifeld J., Bahn M., Fuhrer J. (2012a): Free and protected soil organic carbon dynamics respond differently to abandonment of mountain grassland. Biogeosciences 9: 853-865.

  • Meyer S., Leifeld J., Bahn M., Fuhrer J. (2012b): Land-use change in subalpine grassland soils: Effect on particulate organic carbon fractions and aggregation. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 175: 401–409.

  • Seeber J., Rief A., Richter A., Traugott M, Bahn M. (2012): Drought-induced reduction in uptake of recently photosynthesized carbon by springtails and mites in alpine grassland. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 55: 37-39.

  • Williams C.A., Reichstein M., Buchmann N., Baldocchi D., Beer C., Schwalm C., Wohlfahrt G., Hasler N., Bernhofer C., Foken T., Papale D., Schymanski S., Schaefer K. (2012): Climate and vegetation controls on the surface water balance: synthesis of evaportranspiration measured across a global network of flux towers. Water Resources Research 48, W0652. DOI:10.1029/2011WR011586.

  • Bamberger I., Hörtnagl L., Ruuskanen T.M., Schnitzhofer R., Müller M., Graus M., Karl T., Wohlfahrt G., Hansel A. (2011): Deposition fluxes of terpenes over grassland. Journal of Geophysical Research 116, D14305, DOI:10.1029/2010JD015457.

  • Groenendijk M., Dolman H., Ammann C., Arneth A., Cescatti A., Dragoni D., Gash J., Gianelle D., Gioli B., Kiely G., Knohl A., Law B., Lund M., Marcolla B., van der Molen M., Montagnani L., Moors E., Richardson A., Roupsard O., Verbeeck H., Wohlfahrt G. (2011) Seasonal variation of photosynthetic model parameters and leaf area index from global Fluxnet eddy covariance data. Journal of Geophysical Research 116, G04027, DOI:10.1029/2011JG001742.

  • Brilli F., Hörtnagl L., Hammerle A., Haslwanter A., Hansel A., Loreto F., Wohlfahrt G. (2011): Leaf and ecosystem response to soil water availability in mountain grasslands. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 151, 1731-1740.

  • Hörtnagl, L., Bamberger I., Graus M., Ruuskanen T. M., Schnitzhofer R., Müller M., Hansel A., and Wohlfahrt G. (2011): Biotic, abiotic, and management controls on methanol exchange above a temperate mountain grassland. Journal of Geophysical Research 116, G03021, DOI: 10.1029/2011JG001641.

  • Lamarque, P.; Tappeiner, U.; Turner, C.; Steinbacher, M.; Bardgett, R.D.; Szukics, U.; Schermer, M.; Lavorel, S. (2011): Stakeholder perceptions of grassland ecosystem services in relation to knowledge on soil fertility and biodiversity.
    In: Regional Environmental Change 11/4, S. 791 - 804

  • Kattge J., Díaz S., Lavorel S., Prentice I. C., Leadley P., Bönisch G., Garnier E., Westoby M., Reich P. B., Wright I. J., Cornelissen J. H. C., Violle C., Harrison S. P., v. Bodegom P. M., Reichstein M., Enquist B. J., Soudzilovskaia N. A., Ackerly D. D., Anand M., Atkin O., Bahn M., et al. (2011): TRY – a global database of plant traits. Global Change Biology 17: 2905–2935.

  • Ruuskanen T.M., Müller M., Schnitzhofer R., Karl T., Graus M., Bamberger I., Hörtnagl L., Brilli F., Wohlfahrt G., Hansel A. (2011): Eddy covariance VOC emission and deposition fluxes above grassland using PTR-TOF. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, 611-625.

  • Vargas R., D.D. Baldocchi, M. Bahn, P.J. Hanson, K.P. Hosman, L. Kulmala, J. Pumpanen, B. Yang (2011): On the multi-temporal correlation between photosynthesis and soil CO2 efflux: reconciling lags and observations. New Phytologist 191: 1006–1017

  • Bahn M., Reichstein M., Davidson E. A., Grünzweig J., Jung M., Carbone M. S., Epron D., Misson L., Nouvellon Y., Roupsard O., Savage K., Trumbore S. E., Gimeno C., Curiel Yuste J., Tang J., Vargas R., Janssens I. A. (2010): Soil respiration at mean annual temperature predicts an­nual total across vegetation types and biomes. Biogeosciences 7: 2147­2157.

  • Bamberger I., Hörtnagl L., Schnitzhofer R., Graus M., Ruuskanen T., Müller M., Dunkel J., Wohlfahrt G., Hansel A. (2010): BVOC fluxes above mountain grassland. Biogeosciences 7, 1413 1424.

  • Bertoldi G., Notarnicola C., Leitinger G., Endrizzi S., Zebisch M., Della Chiesa S., Tappeiner U. (2010): Topographical and ecohydrological controls on land surface temperature in an Alpine catchment. Ecohydrology 3:189­204.

  • Leitinger G., Tasser E., Newesely C., Obojes N., Tappeiner U. (2010): Seasonal dynamics of surface runoff in mountain grassland ecosystems differing in land use. Journal of Hydrology 385: 95­104.

  • Migliavacca M., Reichstein M., Richardson A.D., Colombo R., Sutton M., Lasslop G., Wohlfahrt G., Tomelleri E., Carvalhais N., Cescatti A., Mahecha M., Montagnani L., Papale D., Zaehle S., Arain A., Arneth A., Black A.T., Dore S., Gianelle D., Helfter C., Hollinger D., Kutsch W., Law B.E., Lafleur P.M., Nouvellon Y., Rebmann C., da Rocha H., Rodeghiero M., Roupsard O., Sebastia M.­T., Seufert G., Soussana J.­F., van der Molen M.K. (2010): Semi-empirical modeling of abiotic and biotic factors controlling ecosystem respiration across eddy covariance sites. Global Change Biology

  • Schmitt M., Bahn M., Wohlfahrt G., Tappeiner U., Cernusca A. (2010): Land use affects the net ecosystem CO2 exchange and its compo­nents in mountain grasslands. Biogeosciences 7: 2297­2309.

  • Teuling A.J., Seneviratne S.I., Stöckli R., Reichstein M., Moors E., Ciais P., Luyssaert S., van den Hurk B., Ammann C., Bernhofer C., Dellwik E., Gianelle D., Gielen B., Grünwald T., Klumpp K., Montagnani L., Moureaux C., Sottocornola M., Wohlfahrt G. (2010): Contrasting response of European forest and grassland energy exchange to heat waves. Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/ngeo950.

  • Vargas R., Baldocchi D.D., Allen M.F., Bahn M., Black T.A., Collins S.L., Curiel Yuste J., Hirano T., Jassal R.S., Pumpanen J., Tang J. (2010): Looking deeper into the soil: biophysical controls and seasonal lags of soil CO2 production and efflux across multiple vegetation types. Ecological Applications, 20: 1569­1582.

  • Wohlfahrt G., Pilloni S., Hörtnagl L., Hammerle A. (2010): Estimating carbon dioxide fluxes from temperate mountain grasslands using broad­band vegetation indices. Biogeosciences 7, 683­694.

  • Wohlfahrt G., Irschick C., Thalinger B., Hörtnagl L., Obojes N., Hammerle A. (2010): Insights from independent evapotranspiration estimates for closing the energy balance: a grassland case study. Vadose Zone Journal, in press

  • Bahn M., Schmitt M., Siegwolf R., Richter A., Brüggemann N. (2009): Does photosynthesis affect grassland soil respired CO2 and its carbon isotope composition on a diurnal timescale? New Phytologist 182: 452­460.

  • Beer C., Ciais P., Reichstein M., Baldocchi D., Law B., Papale D., Soussana J.­F., Ammann C., Buchmann N., Frank D., Gianelle D., Janssens I.A., Knohl A., Köstner B., Moors E., Roupsard O., Verbeeck H., Vesala T., Williams C., Wohlfahrt G. (2009): Temporal and among­site varia­bility of inherent water­use efficiency at the ecosystem scale. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, GB2018, doi:10.1029/2008GB003233.

  • Stoy P.C., Richardson A.D., Baldocchi D.D., Katul G.G., Stanovick J., Mahecha M.D., Reichstein M., Detto M., Law B.E., Wohlfahrt G., Arriga N., Campos J., McCaughey J.H., Montagnani L., Paw U K.T., Sevanto S., Williams M. (2009): Biosphere­atmosphere exchange of CO2 in relation to climate: a cross­biome analysis across multiple time­scales. Biogeosciences 6, 2297­2312.

  • Tenhunen J., Geyer R., Adiku S., Reichstein M., Tappeiner U., Bahn M., Cernusca A., Dinh N.Q., Kolcun O., Lohila A., Otieno D., Schmidt M., Schmitt M., Wang Q., Wartinger M., Wohlfahrt G., (2009): Influences of Landuse Change on Ecosystem and Landscape Level Carbon and Water Balances in Mountainous Terrain of the Stubai Valley, Austria. Global and Planetary Change 67: 29­43

  • Teuling A.J., Hirschi M., Ohmura A., Wild M., Reichstein M., Ciais P., Buchmann N., Ammann C., Montagnani L., Richardson A.D., Wohlfahrt G., Seneviratne S. (2009): A regional perspective on trends in continental evaporation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L02404, doi:10.1029/2008GL036584

  • Wohlfahrt G., Haslwanter A., Hörtnagl L., Jasoni R L., Fenstermaker L. F., Arnone J. A. III, Hammerle A. (2009): On the consequences of the energy imbalance for calculating surface conductance to water vapour. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 149, 1556 ­ 1559.

  • Bahn M., Rodeghiero M., Anderson­Dunn M., Dore S., Gimeno S., Drösler M., Williams M., Ammann C., Berninger F., Flechard C., Jones S., Balzarolo M., Kumar S., Newesely C., Priwitzer T., Raschi A., Siegwolf R., Susiluoto S., Tenhunen J., Wohlfahrt G., Cernusca A. (2008): Soil respiration in European grasslands in relation to climate and assimilate supply. Ecosystems 11: 1352­1367.

  • Cernusca A., Bahn M., Berninger F., Tappeiner U., Wohlfahrt G. (2008) Effects of land­use changes on sources, sinks and fluxes of carbon in European mountain grasslands. Ecosystems 11: 1335­1337.

  • Fritsche J., Wohlfahrt G., Ammann Ch., Zeeman M.J., Hammerle A., Obrist D., Alewell Ch. (2008): Summertime elemental mercury exchange of temperate grasslands on an ecosystem scale. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8, 7709­7722.

  • Leitinger G., Höller P., Tasser E., Walde J., Tappeiner U. (2008): Development and Validation of a Spatial Snow­Glide Model. Ecological Model­ling 211: 363­374

  • Li Y., Tenhunen J., Owen K., Schmitt M., Bahn M., Drösler M., Otieno D., Schmidt M., Grünwald Th., Hussain M.Z., Mirzae H., Bernhofer Ch. (2008): Patterns of CO2 exchange capacity of grassland ecosystems in the Alps. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 148: 51­68.

  • Tappeiner U., Tasser E., Leitinger L., Cernusca A., Tappeiner G. (2008): Effects of Historical and Likely Future Scenarios of Land Use on Above­ and Below­Ground Vegetation Carbon Stocks of an Alpine Valley. Ecosystems 11: 1383­140.

  • Wieser G., Hammerle A., Wohlfahrt G. (2008): The water balance of grassland ecosystems in the Austrian Alps. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 40: 439­445, 2008.

  • Wohlfahrt G., Anderson­Dunn M., Bahn M., Balzarolo M., Berninger F., Campbell C., Carrara A., Cescatti A., Christensen T., Dore S., Eugster W., Friborg T., Furger M., Gianelle D., Gimeno C., Hargreaves K., Hari P., Haslwanter A., Johansson T., Marcolla B., Milford C., Nagy Z., Nemitz E., Rogiers N., Sanz M.J., Siegwolf R.T.W., Susiluoto S., Sutton M., Tuba Z., Ugolini F., Valentini R., Zorer R., Cernusca A. (2008): Biotic, abiotic and management controls on the net ecosystem CO2 exchange of European mountain grasslands. Ecosystems 11:1338­1351.

  • Wohlfahrt G., Hammerle A., Haslwanter A., Bahn M., Tappeiner U., Cernusca A. (2008): Disentangling leaf area and environmental effects on the response of the net ecosystem CO2 exchange to diffuse radiation. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L16805, doi:10.1029/2008GL035090.

  • Wohlfahrt G., Hammerle A., Haslwanter A., Bahn M., Tappeiner U., Cernusca A. (2008): Seasonal and inter­annual variability of the net ecosystem CO2 exchange of a temperate mountain grassland: Effects of weather and management, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, D08110, doi:10.1029/2007JD009286.

  • Hammerle A., Haslwanter A., Tappeiner U., Cernusca A. and Wohlfahrt G. (2008): Leaf area controls on energy partitioning of a temperate mountain grassland. Biogeosciences 5, 421­431.

  • Gilmanov et al. (2007): Partitioning European grassland net ecosystem CO2 exchange into gross primary productivity and ecosystem respi­ration using light response function analysis. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 121, 93­120, 2007

  • Hammerle A., Haslwandter A., Schmitt M., Bahn M., Cernusca A., Tappeiner U., Wohlfahrt G. (2007): Eddy covariance measurements of car­bon dioxide, latent and sensible energy fluxes above a meadow on a mountain slope. Boundary Layer Meteorology 122: 397­416.