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LTSER Platform Neusiedlersee - Seewinkel (Emerging)

Operator: Biologische Station Neusiedler See, Illmitz
DEIMS-SDR Database: Neusiedlersee - Seewinkel
Contact: Thomas Zechmeister

Site description

The proposed Neusiedler See-Seewinkel LTSER site consists of the Neusiedler See lake itself, the Seewinkel located in the eastern part of the lake and the adjacent Austrian part of the Hansag. Due to its central location within the site, it will be managed by the Biologische Station Neusiedler See, Illmitz, with its current head Thomas Zechmeister. Already since the early 70th of the 20th century local and regional research has been coordinated and performed by this institution. The region is characterised by a hot, dry Pannonian climate with an annual precipitation of 700-800 mm and annual mean temperature of >9°C. In a relatively small area, plants and animals with Alpine, Asiatic and Mediterranean affinities, as well as northern species, are present, resulting in high species diversity. Although its origin can be traced to tectonic movements in the mid-Tertiary, the final shape of the landscape relates to the late Quaternary, when Tertiary sediments were partly covered by glacial clay, sand and loess deposits during glacial periods. Today two main economy sectors dominate the area: on the one hand intensive agriculture particularly crop-growing, wine growing and greenhouse-vegetable gardening and on the other hand, especially around the lake and focused on rather small places, tourism.

Biologische Station Neusiedler See

The lake is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the eastern part of Austria. In the last decades the typical regional tourism changed to a more diversified tourism based on the nature, national park, cycling and other sports activities, cultural traditions and events. Due to its transitional character many protection and management systems can be found. For instance National Park, Biosphere Reserve, Natural Heritage Site, Nature Conservation area, Protected Landscape are some of the attributes of the proposed area. Scientific research is therefore wide but can be summarised on (1) monitoring of freshwater ecosystems, (2) distribution of birds, (3) mapping and assessment of vegetation, (4) climate and climate change detection mainly situated on the eastern shore of the lake or concentrating on the small shallow lakes. Whereas research on (5) landscape character analysis, (6) regional identity and (7) regional development happens on a more regional scale. All scientific efforts together try to display abiotic and biotic as well as human impact on different ecosystems or go along already ongoing restoration measurements.


  • Horváth Z., Ptacnik R., Vad C. F., Chase, J. M. (2019): Habitat loss over six decades accelerates regional and local biodiversity loss via changing landscape connectance. Ecology Letters 22: 1019–1027

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  • Camp J.V., Bakonyi T., Soltész Z., Zechmeister T., Nowotny N. (2018): Uranotaenia unguiculata Edwards, 1913 are attracted to sound, feed on amphibians, and are infected with multiple viruses. Parasites & vectors, 11(1), 456.

  • Hatvani I.G., Kirschner A.K., Farnleitner A.H., Tanos P., Herzig A. (2018): Hotspots and main drivers of fecal pollution in Neusiedler See, a large shallow lake in Central Europe. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25(29), 28884-28898.

  • Schoener, E., Uebleis, S. S., Butter, J., Nawratil, M., Cuk, C., Flechl, E., Kothmayer M., Obwaller A.G., Zechmeister T., Rubel F., Lebl K., Zittra C., Fuehrer H.P. (2017): Avian Plasmodium in eastern Austrian mosquitoes. Malaria journal, 16(1), 389.

  • Zittra C., Vitecek S., Obwaller A.G., Rossiter H., Eigner B., Zechmeister T., .Waringer J., Fuehrer H. P. (2017): Landscape structure affects distribution of potential disease vectors (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasites & vectors, 10(1), 205.

  • Wagner, H. C. et al. (2016): Bericht über das zweite ÖEG-Insektencamp: 1019 Wirbellose Tierarten aus dem Nationalpark Gesäuse (Obersteiermark). Entomologica Austriaca, 23, 207-260.

  • Zittra C., Flechl E., Kothmayer M., Vitecek, S., Rossiter H., Zechmeister T., Fuehrer, H. P. (2016): Ecological characterization and molecular differentiation of Culex pipiens complex taxa and Culex torrentium in eastern Austria. Parasites & vectors, 9(1), 197.

  • Schauer S., Jakwerth S., Bliem R., Baudart J., Lebaron P., Huhulescu, S., ..Kundi M., Herzig A., Fahnleitner A.H., Sommer R., Kirschner A. (2015): Dynamics of V ibrio cholerae abundance in A ustrian saline lakes, assessed with quantitative solid-phase cytometry. Environmental microbiology, 17(11), 4366-4378

  • Boros E., Horváth Z., Wolfram G., Vörös L. (2014): Salinity and ionic composition of the shallow astatic soda pans in the Carpathian BasinJournal of Limnology Ann. Limnol. – Int. J. Lim. 50 (2014) 59-69

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  • Herzig, A. (2014): Der Neusiedler See – Limnologie eines Steppensees. In: Süßwasserwelten. Limnologische Forschung in Österreich (Ed. Emmy Wöss). Denisia 33, Kataloge des Oberösterreichischen Landesmuseums - Neue Serie; 163: 101-114.

  • Horváth Z., Vad C.F., Vörös L., Boros E. (2013): The keystone role of anostracans and copepods in European soda pans during the spring migration of waterbirds. Freshwater Biology, vol. 58, Issue 2, pp. 430–440, 2013

  • Kuttner M., Hainz-Renetzeder C., Hermann A., Wrbka T. (2013): Borders without barriers - Structural functionality and green infrastructure in the Austrian-Hungarian transboundary region of Lake Neusiedl. Ecological Indicators, Vol. 31, 59–72

  • Soja G., Züger J., Knoflacher M., Kinner P., Soja, A.M. (2013): Climate impacts on water balance of a shallow steppe lake in Eastern Austria (Lake Neusiedl). Journal of Hydrology, 480, 115-124.

  • Krachler R., Korner I., Dvorak M., Milazowszky N., Rabitsch W., Werba F., Zulka K.P. Kirschner A. (2012): Die Salzlacken des Seewinkels: Erhebung des aktuellen ökologischen Zustandes sowie Entwicklung individueller Lackenerhaltungskonzepte für die Salzlacken des Seewinkels (2008–2011). Krachler R, Kirschner A & Korner I (Redaktion). Verlag & Hrsg. Österreichischer Naturschutzbund, Eisenstadt, Österreich.

  • Schneider T., Herzig A., Koinig K.A., Sommaruga R. (2012): Copepods in turbid shallow soda lakes accumulate unexpected high levels of carotenoids. PLoS One, 7(8), e43063.

  • Schindler S., Dirnböck T., Essl F., Zink R., Dullinger S., Wrbka T., Mirtl M. (2011): An agenda for Austrian Biodiversity Research at the Long-term Ecosystem Research Network (LTER). In: Pavlinov IY (ed), Researches in Biodiversity: models and applications, InTech, Vienna. ISBN 979-953-307-253-0

  • Dokulil M., Teubner K., Jagsch A., Nickus U., Adrian R., Straile D., Jankowski T., Herzig A., Padisák J. (2010): The impact of climate change on lakes in Central Europe. In: George G. (ed) The Impact of Climate Change on European Lakes, Aquatic Ecology Series, vol.4 Huisman J (ed), Springer:387–410

  • Wrbka T., Renetzeder C., Allex B., Balázs P., Brandenburg C., Hermann A., Konkoly-Gyuró É., Kuttner M., Prinz M., Schindler S., Ziener K., Zmelik K. (2010): Ecosystem Services as Means for Redesigning the Biosphere Reserve Neusiedler See. In: Machar I. & Kovar P. [eds.] International Conference in Landscape Ecology, 3.-6.092010, Brno. Book of Abstracts. p 162

  • Prinz M. A., Wrbka T., Reiter K. (2009): Long term changes in the Neusiedlersee-Seewinkel region - the development of shallow lakes. In:Breuste J., Kozová M. & Finka M. [eds] 2009. European Landscapes in Transformation: Challenges for Landscape Ecology and Management - European IALE Conference 2009

  • Schaible R., Bergmann I., et al. (2009): A survey of sexually reproducing female and male populations of Chara canescens (Charophyta) in the National Park Neusiedler See­Seewinkel (Austria). Cryptogamie Algologie 30(4): 279­294.

  • Stojanovic A., Kogelnig D., Mitteregger B., Mader D., Jirsa F., Krachler Ru., Krachler Re. (2009): Major and trace element geochemistry of superficial sediments and suspended particulate matter of shallow saline lakes in Eastern Austria ; Chemie Der Erde-geochemistry - CHEM ERDE-GEOCHEMISTRY , vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 223-234, 2009

  • Wrbka T., Prinz M. A., Renetzeder C., Stocker-Kiss A., Brandenburg C., Ziener K. (2009): Man & Biosphere - Redesigning the Biosphere Reserve Neusiedler See - Endbericht. Akademie der Wissenschaft. Wien.

  • Kirschner A.K.T., Schlesinger J., Farnleitner A.H., Hornek R., Süß B., Golda B., Herzig A., Reitner B. (2008): Rapid Growth of Planktonic Vibrio cholerae Non-O1/Non-O139 Strains in a Large Alkaline Lake in Austria : Dependence on Temperature and Dissolved Organic Carbon Quality"; Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 74 (2008), 7; 2004 - 2015.

  • Krammer M., Velimirov V., Fischer U., Farnleitner A.H., Herzig A., Kirschner A.K.T. (2008): Growth response of soda lake bacterial communities to simulated rainfall. Microb. Ecology, 55, 194-211

  • Wieltschnig C., Fischer U.R., Velimirov B., Kirschner A.K.T. (2008): Effects of deposit-feeding macrofauna on benthic bacteria, viruses, and protozoa in a silty freshwater sediment. Microb. Ecol. 56, 1-12

  • Bitenc M. (2007): Analysis of airborne laser scanning data and products in the Neusiedler See Project. Ekscentar, 10, 60­64.

  • Gruell A., Gross J. et al. (2007): Singing activity, territoriality and polygyny in the Hoopoe Upupa epops in the Lake Neusiedl area, Austria. Vogelwelt 128(2): 67­78.

  • Zechmeister T.C., Kirschner A.K.T, Fuchsberger M., Gruber S., Süß B., Rosengarten R., Pittner F., Mach R.L., Herzig A., Farnleitner A.H. (2005): Prevalence of Botulinum Neurotoxin C1 and its Corresponding Gene in Environmental Samples from Low and High Risk Avian Botulism Areas; Altex - Alternativen zu Tierexperimenten, 22 (2005), 3; 185 - 195.

  • Eiler A., Farnleitner A.H., Zechmeister T.C., Herzig A., Hurban C., Wesner W., Krachler R., Velimirov B., Kirschner, A.K.T. (2003): Factors controlling extremely productive heterotrophic bacterial communities in shallow soda pools. Microbial Ecology, 46(1), 43-54.

  • Kirschner, A.K.T., Eiler A., Zechmeister T.C., Velimirov B., Herzig A., Mach R., Farnleitner, A.H. (2002): Extremely productive microbial communities in shallow saline pools respond immediately to changing meteorological conditions. Environmental microbiology, 4(9), 546-555.

  • Zechmeister T.C., Farnleitner A.H., Rocke T.C, Pittner F., Rosengarten R., Mach R.L., Herzig A., Kirschner A.K.T (2002): PCR and ELISA - in vitro alternatives to the mouse - bioassay for assessing the Botulinum-Neurotoxin-C1 production in environmental samples?; Altex - Alternativen zu Tierexperimenten, 19 (2002), 49 - 54.