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Fuchsenbigl (Extensive)

Operator: Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES), Spargelfeldstraße 191, 1220 Vienna, Austria
DEIMS Database: Fuchsenbigl
Contact: Heide Spiegel and Johannes Hösch

Site description

The Fuchsenbigl Field Station, Lower Austria, is an agricultural research site of the Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES). It is representative of productive soils managed as arable land. This site is located in the Marchfeld, the soil is described as a fine sandy-loamy Calcaric Chernozem (WRB). Cultivated crops include cereals (e.g. winter wheat, barley, rye), sugar beet, maize and potatoes. Current research objectives are the investigation of soil organic matter and nutrient dynamics affected by different soil management (e.g. tillage, cropping systems, mineral and organic fertilization, crop residues management):

  • Long-term field experiment with 14C-labeled wheat straw and farmyard manure (since 1967)
  • Long-term field experiment with different tillage treatments (since 1988)
  • Long term mineral K-fertilization (since 1956)
  • Removal/return of crop residues, P-fertilization (in Rutzendorf, Marchfeld, since 1982)

Data collected at the site:

  • Chemical soil data:
  • pH, Corg, Nt, CEC, carbonate content, plant available nutrients (P, K): once a year from the tillage experiment, selected parameters at irregular intervals from the other field experiments
  • molecular characteristics of SOM (bulk samples, humic acids) with different spectroscopic methods: once (14C and tillage experiment)
  • Physical soil data: texture, bulk density, aggregate stability, water capacity, pore volume, water permeability: once/twice (tillage experiment)
  • Microbial soil data: once a year (substrate induced respiration; N-mineralization; xylanase activity; pot. nitrification; phosphatase activity; protease activity) till 2002 at the tillage experiment
  • Crop data (yields, nutrient contents): each year

Contributions to international projects:

  • EXPEER: “Experimentation in Ecosystem Research”
  • CATCH-C: “Compatibility of Agricultural Management Practices and Types of Farming in the EU to enhance Climate Change Mitigation and Soil Health”

Publications


  • Körschens M., Albert E., Armbruster M.,  Barkusky D., Baumecker M., Behle-Schalk L., Bischoff R., Čergan Z., Ellmer F., Herbst F., Hoffmann S., Hofmann B., Kismanyoky T., Kubat J., Kunzova E., Lopez-Fando C., Merbach I., Merbach W., Pardor M.T., Rogasik J., Rühlmann J., Spiegel H., Schulz E., Tajnsek A., Toth Z., Wegener H.,  Zorn W. (2013): Effects of mineral and organic fertilization on crop yield, nitrogen uptake, carbon and nitrogen balances, as well as soil organic carbon content and dynamics: results from 20 European long-term field experiments of the twenty-first century, Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 59, 8, 1017-1040. DOI:10.1080/03650340.2012.704548

  • Spiegel H. (2012): Impacts of arable management on soil organic carbon and nutritionally relevant elements in the soil-plant system. Habilitation thesis. University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna."  

  • Spiegel H., Dersch G., Baumgarten A., Hösch J. (2010): The International Organic Nitrogen Long­term Fertilisation Experiment (IOSDV) at Vienna after 21 years. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 56, 4, 405­420. DOI:10.1080/03650341003645624.

  • Spiegel H., Dersch G., Hösch J. and Baumgarten A. (2007): Tillage effects on soil organic carbon and nutrient availability in a long­term field experiment in Austria. Die Bodenkultur 58, 1, 47­58. Sterba, H., Eckmüllner, O.2008: Invasion of Beech (Fagus silvatica L.) in conifer forests ­ Five case studies in Austria. Austrian Journal of Forest Science, Centralblatt für das gesamte Forstwesen, 125 (1), 89­102

  • Tatzber M., Stemmer M., Spiegel H., Katzlberger C., Zehetner F., Haberhauer G., Garcia­garcia E., Gerzabek M. H. (2009): Spectroscopic behaviour of 14C­labeled humic acids in a long­term field experiment with three cropping systems. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 2009, 47, 459–469. 10.1071/SR08231 0004­9573/09/050459.

  • Tatzber M., Stemmer M., Spiegel H., Katzlberger C., Zehetner F., Haberhauer G., Roth K., Garcia­Garcia E., Gerzabek M. H. (2009): Decomposition of Carbon­14­Labeled Organic Amendments and Humic Acids in a Long­Term Field Experiment. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 73:744-750. doi:10.2136/sssaj2008.0235

  • Tatzber M., Stemmer M., Spiegel H., Katzlberger C., Haberhauer G., Gerzabek M. H. (2008): Impact of different tillage practices on molecular characteristics of humic acids in a long­term field experiment — An application of three different spectroscopic methods. Sci Total Environ, Sci Total Environ. 15; 406 (1­2):256­268. doi:10.1016.