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Obergurgl (Regular)

Operator: University of Innsbruck, Alpine Research Centre Obergurgl
DEIMS Database: Obergurgl
Contact: Nikolaus Schallhart

Site description

The LTER site Obergurgl (Ötztal, Tyrol, Latitude: 46,8671, Longitude: 11,0249 – wgs84 dec degrees) includes treeline ecotones, alpine ecosystems, glacier forelands, glaciers and rock glaciers from 1930 m to 3480 m a.s.l. The Alpine Research Centre Obergurgl (AFO, http://www.uibk.ac.at/afo/), being an important field station of Innsbruck University since 1951, administrates and coordinates the LTER site (scientific director since 2009: Univ.-Prof. Dr. Brigitta Erschbamer, deputy: Ao.Univ.-Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Kaufmann, scientific coordinator since 2012: Mag. Dr. Nikolaus Schallhart).

The Alpine Research Centre is responsible for the monitoring programs and research projects in Obergurgl (weather stations and data collection along elevation - and succession gradients), for research support, dissemination and data availability. Until 2011 the AFO was responsible for the weather station of the ZAMG (Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik) in Obergurgl. Thus, weather data can be provided from 1953 till present. Obergurgl has a long-term research tradition beginning with the continuous recordings of the rock glacier Hochebenkar’s flow velocity since 1938, the first mapping of the glacier forelands in 1960ies and the interdisciplinary MaB project Obergurgl in the 1970ies. Since 1995-1996 the glacier foreland of the Rotmoosferner is one of the intensively studied ecosystems with continuous microclimate measurements and monitoring of permanent plots. A high number of case studies dealing with colonization processes were carried out from different disciplines during the last decades mainly by researchers of Innsbruck University. The LTER-monitoring program of the AFO, going on since 2000, comprises 11 sites from the subalpine zone in Obergurgl (pasture, dwarf shrub heaths, ski pistes – 1950 m - 2350 m a.s.l.) to the lower alpine zone (Schönwieskopf, Rotmoos bog, Rotmoos valley, Rotmoos glacier foreland – 2300 m a.s.l.) to the alpine - (Hohe Mut – 2600 m a.s.l.) and subnival zone (2790 m - 2830 m a.s.l.), including 5 grazing exclusion sites. Presently, comprehensive data on biodiversity and physical properties are collected and in the near future databases will be available. The LTER site Obergurgl aims to promote interdisciplinary research projects and to connect management questions of the Nature Park Ötztal with actual research programs.

Publications


  • Abermann, J.; Kuhn, M.; Lambrecht, A.; Hartl, L. (2013): Gletscher in Tirol, ihre Verteilung und jüngsten Veränderungen. In: KOCH, E.M.; ERSCHBAMER, B.: Klima, Wetter, Gletscher im Wandel. Innsbruck: innsbruck university press (IUP) (Series / Alpine Forschungsstelle Obergurgl, 3), ISBN 978-3-902811-89-9, S. 49 - 67.

  • Baumeister, A. (2013): Das Potential historischer Karten zur Rekonstruktion des Gletscherrückgangs im Gurgler Tal. In: KOCH, E.M.; ERSCHBAMER, B.: Klima, Wetter, Gletscher im Wandel. Innsbruck: innsbruck university press (IUP) (Series / Alpine Forschungsstelle Obergurgl, 3), ISBN 978-3-902811-89-9, S. 95 - 118.

  • Boehm, C., Landmann, A. (1995): Nistplatzwahl, Neststandort und Nestbau beim Wasserpieper (Anthus spinoletta). Journal für Ornithologie, 136: 1-16.

  • Bokhorst, S., Huiskes, A.D., Aerts, R., Convey, P., Cooper, E.J., Dalen, L., Erschbamer, B., Gudmundsson, J., Hofgaard, A., Hollister, R.D., Johnstone, J., Jónsdóttir, I.S., Lebouvier, M., Van de Vijver, B., Wahren, C-H. & Dorrepaal, E. (2012): Variable temperature effects of Open Top Chambers at polar and alpine sites explained by irradiance and snow depth. Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.12028

  • Bortenschlager, S., Bortenschlager, I. (2005): Altering airborne pollen concentrations due to the Global Warming. A comparative analysis of airborne pollen records from Innsbruck and Obergurgl (Austria) for the period 1980-2001. Grana, 44: 172 - 180)

  • Cichini, K., Schwienbacher, E., Marcante, S., Seeber, G., Erschbamer, B. (2011): Colonization of experimentally created gaps along an alpine successional gradient. Plant Ecology, 212: 1613-1627.

  • Dabert, M.; Dastych, H.; Hohberg, K.; Dabert, J. (2014): Phylogenetic position of the enigmatic clawless eutardigrade genus Apodibius Dastych, 1983 (Tardigrada), based on 18S and 28S rRNA sequence data from its type species A. confusus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 70 (2014) 70–75 71

  • Dastych, H. (2009): Thalerius konradi gen. nov., sp. nov., a new tardigrade from the periglacial area of the Oetztal Alps, Austria (Tardigrada). Contributions to Natural History (Bern) Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 391-402

  • Edwards, A.; Pachebat, J.A.; Swain, M.; Hegarty, M.; Hodson, A.J.; Irvine-Fynn, T.D.L.; Rassner, S.M.E.; Sattler, B. (2013): A metagenomic snapshot of taxonomic and functional diversity in an alpine glacier cryoconite ecosystem. Environmental Research Letters 8/3, No. 035003.

  • Erhart, D. (2013): Die Lebewelt der Ötztaler Ache. In: KOCH, E.M.; ERSCHBAMER, B.: Klima, Wetter, Gletscher im Wandel. Innsbruck: innsbruck university press (IUP) (Series / Alpine Forschungsstelle Obergurgl, 3), ISBN 978-3-902811-89-9, S. 157 - 164.

  • Erschbamer, B. & Mayer, R. (2011): Can successional species groups be discriminated based on their life history traits? A study from a glacier foreland in the Central Alps. Plant Ecology & Diversity 4: 341-351.

  • Erschbamer, B. (1998): Climate warming and plant growth on glacial retreats. – Actes du deuxieme colloque ecologie et biogeographie alpines, Suppl. Rev. Valdotaine d’Histoire Naturelle, 51: 219-224.

  • Erschbamer, B. (2001): Climate change experiments on a glacier foreland in the Central Alps. In: Visconti, G., Beniston, M., Iannorelli, E.D. & Barba, D.: Global Change and Protected Areas. Kluwer Acad. Pub., Dordrecht: 37-44.

  • Erschbamer, B. (2001): Responses of some Austrian glacier foreland plants to experimentally changed microclimate conditions. In: Walter, G.-R., Burga, C.A. & Edwards, P.J. (eds.): Fingerprints of Climate Change. Kluwer Acad. Pub., New York, London: 263-279.

  • Erschbamer, B. (2007): Winners and losers of climate change in a central alpine glacier foreland. Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research, 39: 237-244.

  • Erschbamer, B. (2009): Faktoren und Prozesse der Besiedelung im alpinen Neuland. Ber. d. Reinh.-Tüxen-Ges., 21: 253-265.

  • Erschbamer, B. (2013): Mikroklima und Biotemperaturen auf der 1971er Moräne des Rotmoosferner-Gletschervorfeldes (Obergurgl, Ötztal). In: KOCH, E.M.; ERSCHBAMER, B.: Klima, Wetter, Gletscher im Wandel. Innsbruck: innsbruck university press (IUP) (Series / Alpine Forschungsstelle Obergurgl, 3), ISBN 978-3-902811-89-9, S. 187 – 203.

  • Erschbamer, B., Anich, C., Benirschke, M., Ganthaler, A., Grassmair, M., Hasibeder, R., Huter, V., Konzett, D., Lechleitner, M., Magauer, M., Miller, R., Newerkla, S., Schneider, J., Zeisler, B., Schwienbacher, E. (2010): Das Keimverhalten von 13 alpinen Arten der Familie Asteraceae im Licht und im Dunkeln. Ber. nat.-med. Verein Innsbruck 96: 73-88.

  • Erschbamer, B., Bösch, D., Fleisch, M., Peintner, U. & Schwienbacher, E. (2012): Keimung und Etablierung im Gletschervorfeld in Abhängigkeit von abiotischen und biotischen Faktoren. Ber. d. Reinh.-Tüxen-Ges. 24: 89-102.

  • Erschbamer, B., Kaufmann, R. (2006): Perspectives for Gurgler Kamm Biosphere Reserve (Ötztal, Tyrol, Austria). In: PRICE, M.F. (ed.) Global change in mountain regions. Sapiens Publ. Duncow, Kirkmahoc, Dumfrieshire, UK: 305-306.

  • Erschbamer, B., Kneringer, E., Niederfrininger-Schlag, R. (2001): Seed rain, soil seed bank, seedling recruitment, and survival of seedlings on a glacier foreland in the Central Alps. FLORA, 4:304-312.

  • Erschbamer, B., Moser, C., Vorhauser, K. (2004): Effects of grazing exclusion in alpine grasslands in the Central Alps. Grassland Science in Europe, 9: 284-286.

  • Erschbamer, B., Niederfrininger Schlag, R. & Kneringer, E. (1998): Seed dispersal, seed bank and establishment of seedlings on glacial retreats. – Actes du deuxieme colloque ecologie et biogeographie alpines, Suppl. Rev. Valdotaine d’Histoire Naturelle, 51: 225-232.

  • Erschbamer, B., Niederfrininger Schlag, R. & Winkler, E. (2008): Colonization processes on a central Alpine glacier foreland. Journal of Vegetation Science 19: 855­862 [doi: 10.3170/2008­8­18464]

  • Erschbamer, B., Niederfrininger Schlag, R. & Winkler, E. (2008): Colonization processes on a central Alpine glacier foreland. Journal of Vegetation Science 19: 855-862 [doi: 10.3170/2008-8-18464]

  • Erschbamer, B., Retter, V. (2004): How long can glacier foreland species live? FLORA, 199: 500-504.

  • Erschbamer, B., Vorhauser, K., Kaufmann, R., Mayer, R. (2009): Auswirkungen der Beweidung in zentralalpinen Hochlagen. Der Alm- und Bergbauer, 10/09: 13-15.

  • Fischer, A., Olefs, M., Abermann, J. (2011): Glaciers, snow and ski tourism in Austria's changing climate. Annals of Glaciology, 52: 89-96.

  • FISCHER, A.; HARTL, L. (2013): Langzeitmonitoring von Gletschermassenbilanzen und -längen-änderungen in Tirol. In: KOCH, E.M.; ERSCHBAMER, B.: Klima, Wetter, Gletscher im Wandel. Innsbruck: innsbruck university press (IUP) (Series / Alpine Forschungsstelle Obergurgl, 3), ISBN 978-3-902811-89-9, S. 31 - 48.

  • Gattermayr, W. (2013): Das hydrographische Regime der Ötztaler Ache. In: KOCH, E.M.; ERSCHBAMER, B.: Klima, Wetter, Gletscher im Wandel. Innsbruck: innsbruck university press (IUP) (Series / Alpine Forschungsstelle Obergurgl, 3), ISBN 978-3-902811-89-9, S. 121 - 156.

  • Haas, W., Singh, S.J., Erschbamer, B., Reiter, K. & Walz, A. (2013): Integrated monitoring and sustainability assessment in the Tyrolean Alps: experiences in transdisciplinarity. In: SINGH, S.J. et al. (eds.) Long Term Socio-Ecological Research. Human-Environment Interactions 2, Springer Science + Business Media, Dordrecht: 527-554.

  • Hartl, L.; Kaufmann, R.; Schallhart, N.; Erschbamer, B. (2013): Das Mikroklima waldfreier Standorte in der subalpinen, alpinen und subnivalen Stufe in Obergurgl. In: KOCH, E.M.; ERSCHBAMER, B.: Klima, Wetter, Gletscher im Wandel. Innsbruck: innsbruck university press (IUP) (Series / Alpine Forschungsstelle Obergurgl, 3), ISBN 978-3-902811-89-9, S. 165 - 186.

  • Kaufmann R. (2001): Invertebrate succession on an alpine glacier foreland. Ecology, 82: 2261-2278.

  • Kaufmann R. (2005): Langzeit-Ökosystem Monitoring im Alpinen Raum

  • Kaufmann, R., Erschbamer, B. (2006): Climate change effects on colonization and primary succession on an Alpine glacier foreland. In: PRICE, M.F. (ed.) Global change in mountain regions. Sapiens Publ. Duncow, Kirkmahoe, Dumfrieshire, UK: 99-101.

  • Koch, E.M. & ERSCHBAMER, B. (eds.)(2013): Klima, Wetter, Gletscher im Wandel. AFO 3, innsbruck university press, Innsbruck.

  • Koch, E.-M., Erschbamer B. (2010): Glaziale und periglaziale Lebensräume im Raum Obergurgl. innsbruck university press • iup, ISBN 978-3-902719-50-8

  • Koch, E.M.; Erschbamer, B. (2013): Einleitung. In: KOCH, E.M.; ERSCHBAMER, B.: Klima, Wetter, Gletscher im Wandel. Innsbruck: innsbruck university press (IUP) (Series / Alpine Forschungsstelle Obergurgl, 3), ISBN 978-3-902811-89-9, S. 7 - 9.

  • Koch, E-M., Erschbamer, B. (Hrsg.) (2012): An den Grenzen des Waldes und der menschlichen Siedlung. innsbruck university press • iup, ISBN 978-3-902811-40-0

  • Koenig, T., Kaufmann, R., Scheu, S. (2011): The formation of terrestrial food webs in glacier foreland: evidence for the pivotal role of decomposer prey and intraguild predation. Pedobiologia, 54: 147-152.

  • Kolbeldeicke, H., Heuberger, H. (1987): LARGE-SCALE SNOW DEPLETION MAPS OF THE GURGL VALLEY, OTZTAL, TYROL, AUSTRIA, SHOWING HABITAT VARIETY IN AN ALPINE TERRAIN (WITH MAP OBERGURGL-SUD, SCALE 1-5,000). Mountain Research and Development, 7: 387-404.

  • Krainer, K., Mostler,W. und Spötl, C. (2007): Discharge from active rock glaciers, Austrian Alps: a stable isotope approach. Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 100: 102-112.

  • Kuen, V., Erschbamer, B. (2002): Comparative study between morphology and age of Trifolium pallescens in a glacier foreland of the Central Alps. FLORA, 197: 379-384.

  • Kuhn, M.; Dreiseitl, E.; Emprechtinger, M. (2013): Temperatur und Niederschlag an der Wetter-station Obergurgl, 1953-2011. In: KOCH, E.M.; ERSCHBAMER, B.: Klima, Wetter, Gletscher im Wandel. Innsbruck: innsbruck university press (IUP) (= Series / Alpine Forschungsstelle Obergurgl, 3), ISBN 978-3-902811-89-9, S. 11 - 30.

  • Laminger, H., Schopper, M., Pipp, E., Hensler, I., Mantl, P., (1981): INVESTIGATIONS ON THE TESTACEAN NEKROCOENOSES AND TAXOCOENOSES IN THE ZIRBENWALDMOOR (OBERGURGL, TYROL AUSTRIA). Hydrobiologia, 77: 193-202.

  • Marcante, S. Kiebacher, T. & Erschbamer, B. (2013): Reproductive responses of glacier foreland species to simulate climate change. Coll. Phytosociol. XXIX: 361 - 373.

  • Marcante, S., Schwienbacher, E., Erschbamer, B. (2009): Genesis of a soil seed bank on a primary succession in the Central Alps (Otztal, Austria). FLORA, 204: 434-444

  • Marcante, S., Sierra-Almeida, A., Spindelbock, J.P., Erschbamer, B., Neuner, G. (2012): Frost as a limiting factor for recruitment and establishment of early development stages in an alpine glacier foreland? JOURNAL OF VEGETATION SCIENCE Volume: 23   Issue: 5   Pages: 858-868  

  • Marcante, S., Winkler, E., Erschbamer, B. (2009): Population dynamics along a primary succession gradient: do alpine species fit into demographic succession theory? Annals of Botany, 103: 1129-1143

  • Mayer, R. & Erschbamer, B. (2012): Lärchen-Zirbenwälder und Zwergstrauchheiden. In: KOCH, E.M. & ERSCHBAMER, B. (eds.): An den Grenzen des Waldes und der menschlichen Siedlung. innsbruck university press, Innsbruck: 99-123.

  • Mayer, R. & Erschbamer, B. (2014): Ongoing changes at the long-term monitoring sites of Gurgler Kamm Biosphere Reserve, Tyrol, Austria. eco.mont 6: 5-13.

  • Mayer, R., Erschbamer, B. (2011): Seedling recruitment and seed-/microsite limitation in traditionally grazed plant communities of the alpine zone. Basic and Applied Ecology, 12: 10-20.

  • Mayer, R., Kaufmann, R., Vorhauser, K., Moser, C. & Erschbamer, B. (2009): Effects of grazing exclusion on species composition in high alti­tudinal grasslands of the Central Alps. Basic and Applied Ecology 10: 447­455 [doi:10.1016/j.baae.2008.10.004]

  • Mayer, R., Kaufmann, R., Vorhauser, K., Moser, C. & Erschbamer, B. (2009): Effects of grazing exclusion on species composition in high altitudinal grasslands of the Central Alps. Basic and Applied Ecology 10: 447-455 [doi:10.1016/j.baae.2008.10.004]

  • Mayer, R., Nagl, F. & Erschbamer, B. (2012): Subalpine Wiesen und Weiden – die Kulturlandschaften der subalpinen Stufe. In: KOCH, E.M. & ERSCHBAMER, B. (eds.): An den Grenzen des Waldes und der menschlichen Siedlung. innsbruck university press, Innsbruck: 11-37.

  • Mayer, R., Nagl, F., Unterluggauer, P., Erschbamer, B., (2010): Wirtschaftsgrünland zweier benachbarter Seitentäler im inneren Ötztal (Zentralalpen, Tirol/Österreich). Tuexenia, 30:129-148.

  • Moser, P., Moser, W. (1986): REFLECTIONS ON THE MAB-6 OBERGURGL PROJECT AND TOURISM IN AN ALPINE ENVIRONMENT. Mountain Research and Development, 6: 101-118.

  • Muehlmann, O., Bacher, M., Peintner, U. (2008): Polygonum viviparum mycobionts on an alpine primary successional glacier forefront. MYCORRHIZA, 18: 87-95

  • Muehlmann, O., Peintner, U. (2008): Ectomycorrhiza of Kobresia myosuroides at a primary successional glacier forefront. MYCORRHIZA, 18: 355-362

  • Muehlmann, O., Peintner, U. (2008): Mycobionts of Salix herbacea on a glacier forefront in the Austrian Alps. MYCORRHIZA, 18: 171-180

  • Nagl, F. & Erschbamer, B. (2010): Vegetation und Besiedlungsstrategien. In: Koch, E.-M. & Erschbamer, B. (Hrsg.): Glaziale und periglaziale Lebensräume im Raum Obergurgl. innsbruck university press, Innsbruck: 121-143.

  • Nickus, U.; Abermann, J.; Fischer, A.; Krainer, K.; Schneider, H.; Span, N.; Thies, H. (in press): Rock Glacier Äußeres Hochebenkar (Austria) – Recent results of a monitoring network. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde und Glazialgeologie.

  • Nicolussi, K. (2013): Zur Geschichte des Vernagtferners – Gletschervorstöße und Seeausbrüche im vergangenen Jahrtausend. In: KOCH, E.M.; ERSCHBAMER, B.: Klima, Wetter, Gletscher im Wandel. Innsbruck: innsbruck university press (IUP) (Series / Alpine Forschungsstelle Obergurgl, 3), ISBN 978-3-902811-89-9, S. 69 – 94.

  • Niederfrininger-Schlag, R., Erschbamer, B. (2000): Germination and establishment of seedlings on a glacier foreland in the central Alps, Austria. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 32: 270-277.

  • Patzelt G. (Hrsg.) MaB-Projekt Obergurgl. Univ.-Verl.Wagner, Innsbruck, ISBN 3-7030-0179-8

  • Raffl, C., Erschbamer, B. (2004): Comparative vegetation analyses of two transects crossing a characteristic glacier valley in the Central Alps. Phytocoenologia, 34: 225-240.

  • Raffl, C., Holderegger, R., Parson, W., Erschbamer, B. (2008): Patterns in genetic diversity of Trifolium pallescens populations do not reflect chronosequence on alpine glacier forelands. Heredity, 100:526-532.

  • Raffl, C., Mallaun, M., Mayer, R., Erschbamer, B. (2006): Vegetation succession pattern and diversity changes in a glacier valley, Central Alps, Austria. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 38: 421-428.

  • Raffl, C., Marcante, S., Erschbamer, B. (2007): The role of spontaneous selfing in the pioneer species Saxifraga aizoides. FLORA, 202: 128-132.

  • Raffl, C., Schönswetter, P., Erschbamer, B. (2006): 'Sax-sess' - genetics of primary succession in a pioneer species on two parallel glacier forelands. Molecular Ecology, 15: 2433-2440.

  • Sattler B., Post B., Remias D., Lütz C., Lettner H., Psenner R. (2012): Cold Alpine Regions. In: Life at Extremes, - Environments, Organisms and Strategies for Survival, Bell E. (Ed.), CABI, USA, pp. 138-154 .

  • Sattler B., Post B., Fritz A. (2013): Living Communities Thriving in Various Ice Ecosystems. In: Seckbach J., Oren A., Stan-Lotter H. (eds.) Polyextremophiles: Life Under Multiple Forms of Stress, Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology, 27:381-400. DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-6488-0-16, Springer Science + Business Media Dordrecht 2013 .

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  • Schwienbacher, E., Erschbamer, B. (2002): Longevity of seeds in a glacier foreland of the Central Alps – a burial experiment. Bull. Geobot. Inst. ETH, 68: 63-71.

  • Schwienbacher, E., Marcante, S., Erschbamer, B., (2010): Alpine species seed longevity in the soil in relation to seed size and shape - A 5-year burial experiment in the Central Alps. FLORA, 205: 19-25.

  • Schwienbacher, E., Navarro-Cano, J.A., Neuner, G., Erschbamer, B. (2011): Correspondance of seed traits with niche position in glacier foreland succession. Plant Ecology, 213: 371-382.

  • Schwienbacher, E., Navarro-Cano, J.A., Neuner, G., Erschbamer, B. (2011): Seed dormancy in alpine species. FLORA, 206: 845-856.

  • Thies, H.; Nickus, U.; Tolotti, M.; Tessadri, R.; Krainer, K. (2013): Evidence of rock glacier melt impacts on water chemistry and diatoms in high mountain streams. Cold Regions Science and Technology 96, 77 - 85.

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  • Tschaikner, A., Ingolic, E., Gaertner, G. (2007): Observations in a new isolate of Coelastrella terrestris (REISIGL) HEGEWALD & HANAGATA (Chlorophyta, Scenedesmaceae) from alpine soil (Tyrol, Austria). Phyton - Annales rei Botanicae, 46: 237-245

  • Tscherko, D., Hammesfahr, U., Marx, M.C., Kandeler, E. (2004): Shifts in rhizosphere microbial communities and enzyme activity of Poa alpina across an alpine chronosequence. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 36: 1685-1698.

  • Tscherko, D., Rustemeier, J., Richter, A., Wanke, W., Kandeler, E. (2003): Functional diversity of the soil microflora in primary succession across two glacier forelands in the Central Alps. European Journal of soil science, 54: 685-696.

  • TÜRK, R. & ERSCHBAMER, B. (2010): Die Flechten im Gletschervorfeld des Rotmoosferners. In: Koch, E.-M. & Erschbamer, B. (Hrsg.): Glaziale und periglaziale Lebensräume im Raum Obergurgl. innsbruck university press, Innsbruck: 155-163.

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  • Winkler, E., Marcante, S., Erschbamer, E. (2010): Demographic Consequences of the Two Reproductive Modes in Poa alpina L. along a Primary Succession Gradient in the Central Alps. Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research, 42: 227-235.